Monday, July 12, 2010

Why do kids get depressed

With the emphasis on mental health and the popularization of health knowledge, people gradually realize that depression is no longer the patent for adults, children are becoming another victim of depression group. So why children do get depressed?

Children of Depression:

1, genetic factors: familial genetic factors in the pathogenesis of depression in children may play a role, about 50% of parents of children with depression have at least one person suffered from depression. Children before the onset of depression, personality tend to be stubborn, challenging behavior, or performance of a passive, incompetent, dependent and alone. In addition, events such as parental death or divorce, children can also be depressed.

2 accident: a certain object, such as the loss of someone or something on the occurrence of depression plays an important role: as the person or thing is very important for children, so children see it as and they are one, when such an important person or thing when no longer exist, such as the separation of their parents death, can cause intense ambivalence of children, and thus transformed into a sense of their own hostility, leading to the emergence of depression.

3, cognitive factors: the child's cognitive process in the form of depression plays an important role. This view, early childhood experiences such as separation, bereavement, lack of maternal love and the warmth of family and so easy to create a negative perception the background, when children are frustrated when they tend to belittle their own, produce impotence, despair emotional experience, and things to do on distorted and exaggerated understanding. Negative form of depression cognitive susceptibility mechanism.

4, hormonal changes: pre-school children will have depression, but more children diagnosed with depression in adolescence, those children. This phase is the period of hormonal change, boys and girls have roughly the same proportion of depression, but in their teens and into adulthood, girls have to increase the proportion of depression is twice that of boys. Hormonal changes and social expectations are the reason for this gender difference.

To understand why children get depressed, help parents do a good job guarding, to prevent the occurrence of child depression. And can avoid some of the family as much as possible predisposing factor, even if that child has depression also appeared in the Chu Li is well to avoid some of the unnecessary psychological burden.

Life is too depressed to find the comfort you

Science and technology make our lives more comfortable, more and more people know how to enjoy. But U.S. experts have found, too comfortable living may make a higher incidence of depression, we should take the initiative in their work and make their busy lives.

People are still busy with some good

Occasional leisure, often at busy.

Even if your life is very comfortable and cozy, but do not meet this, the best point from time to time to find their own "busy."

Professor Blakemore, at work, as far as possible to finish a job or task. First of all, let their be doing something every day. Develop a detailed plan of work or study, preferably for a period of one week. The plan should include your hours of work per day, such as the points began to work, to the end points, need to work overtime long; What do you do each time so. With the plan constraints, it greatly reduces the idle and lazy time. When you work orderly, your brain will become more active, emotions also risen, but will not be discouraged, making a fuss of. Also, if you have time, it is best to work hand-written a summary or plan, do not always rely on the computer typing.

Second, think yourself every day. Encounter problems, do not immediately turn to the computer or others, if they do, not only the brain, "rusty", you will not enjoy the sense of self-realization. This is also an important factor for depression. Proposals, no trouble before to save for their first positive experience problems thinking solutions.

Finally, let himself every day "go." Want to find colleagues and leaders to discuss the issue, as far as possible through phone or online chat tool. Best to walk with each other in person interviews, one to conduct such hands-on can enhance your relationship, and secondly, will impact the thinking of the spark.

In life, though there are so many modern equipment could help our work, but sometimes have to learn to return to the "primitive." Director, Beijing Hui Long Guan Hospital, Dr Chen Dachun that is able to do more to alleviate the symptoms of depression. The thing is that some life whatever chores, such as small as possible without washing clothes can be washed by hand; have time to cook their own food, do not use the microwave easier route and leftovers; can cook at home, they try not to takeout; can use a broom and mop cleaning, do not use vacuum cleaners; as their dishes, use less dishwasher; go to the supermarket can not drive so walk.

Blackmore also suggested that men and women make their own hard work for them are also different ways. For the women, who might as organizations such as knitting in the past, mend them; male hands about home repairs and other things. These things may seem unremarkable, but it lets you get satisfaction from the bit and sense of fulfillment, better than lying on the couch watching TV you Shenzhelanyao better takeout. Do not forget, too leisurely life, nothing to rely on someone do it is a hotbed for breeding depression.

Heart trouble from the "Missing Six"

Suicide is very popular! No sense of belonging to us, life is not easy, unfair, unhappy, insecure ... ... China has 28.7 million people die of suicide each year, 200 people attempted suicide. Mental illness and mental illness for more than cardiovascular, respiratory and malignant diseases such as ranking first in China's total burden of disease. When the mental problems are no longer isolated cases, what our life missing something?

China is in the transitional period, an increase of social conflicts, competition, increased pressure to accelerate the pace of work, and major disasters, the economic crisis, the result of national mental disorders and social problems becoming increasingly apparent. Beijing Medical Association Board of Psychology experts specially written to Zhuangao newspaper.

China's top three mental illnesses: depression, anxiety and insomnia

Covers a wide range of psychological problems, from child development and growth of youth, to empty nesters; from the ivory tower of university students, shed where the migrant workers, to white-collar workers, government officials, business elite, the people at all levels are faced with the Type various psychological problems.

Beijing people over 18 years, 60 million people have been or are suffering from depression. National depression were more than 2600 million, of which 10% -15% commit suicide. According to the Beijing Psychological Crisis Research Center survey, 28.7 million people in China die from suicide each year, 200 people attempted suicide.

Mental illness and mental illness for more than cardiovascular, respiratory and malignant diseases such as ranking first in China's total burden of disease, accounting for about 20%. About 160 million people each year lead to social problems because of psychological problems, or even constitute a crime, a great social harm.

Increased psychological problems are many reasons, I think mainly for the "six missing."

8 into the suicide risk of depression

First, missing the lightness of being: present state of general anxiety

In the rapidly changing face of social competition, people mental relaxation, catharsis fewer opportunities and channels, can not adjust their existing mental set and behavior patterns. According to the "2008 Survey of Chinese workplace to work report" shows that in a web-based office workers at 1 million survey, 61% of people feel the pressure more, nearly 2 / 3 of people produce burnout. Especially in the police, medical staff, senior managers and other professional groups, 70% -80% of people feel pressure; performance as insomnia, memory deterioration, prone to stress, anxiety and depression.

Second, lack of sense of fairness: Psychological imbalance present

As the current is not enough variety of institutional mechanisms to improve, people in the occupied resources and opportunities to acquire, arise in fact the outcome of enjoyment of any of the Bu fair, often in the corresponding generation in Bijiao deprivation and imbalance Xin Li Gan. Coupled with a high degree of modern information society, various unbalanced, unfair prompt and wide dissemination of information to the public, causing many people's psychological imbalance. Such sentiments have accumulated for too long is bound to have serious psychological problems and social conflicts.

Third, lack a sense of security: present state of public crisis of confidence

In the social transition, the traditional values of the past decades, employment patterns, security system, all of a sudden changed dramatically, making the security of expectations about the future lack of concern about the unknown, fear of mental ill-prepared to change and multi- lack of psychological identity, easy to produce anxiety, fear, mental confusion, there trust, faith and credit crisis. The Weng'an in recent years, the first rock group events, etc., all have decreased credibility of the Government's social and psychological background.

Fourth, lack of well-being: present confused state of spiritual emptiness

2006 Beijing white-collar community survey that compared to the past 5 years, happiness index declined slightly and decreased 36% lot; divorced couples, 81% are there because of emotional torture and psychological problems. This shows that, when the pursuit and possession of wealth is no longer a need to meet life, but a status, a status symbol and show off, the spirit will be more emptiness, pain and confusion. For example, repeated exposure of the actress in recent years, drug abuse, homosexuality, is the pursuit of morbid mental excitement to fill their empty souls example.

Fifth, lack a sense of belonging: present status of marginalized groups

Increase the scope of population movements, changes to speed up the living environment, coupled with natural disasters, will make people more social strangeness increase, bringing a sense of belonging in the lower, which led to loneliness, helplessness. Developed rapidly, especially in some of the city, there are too many to be the threshold of high employment and high cost of living marginalized "social isolation" crowd, or psychological "rootless" people, their existence and continued expansion of the city as a potential a certain amount of risk, easy to spread some negative emotions, and even endanger the social order and safety.

Sixth, the same lack of emotion: social prejudice against mental illness and discrimination

Psychological mental illness, because they "shame" but not in time for medical treatment, delayed diagnosis and treatment. And rehabilitation of mental illness who can not successfully return to the community of nations, has also led to increased rates of psychotic relapse.

Recommendation: General Hospital General psychology clinic to open

In developed countries, general hospitals, mental health services, clinical medicine has become one of the five sections. In recent years, some of our larger cities, the establishment of general hospital psychologist after another, set up common psychological clinic for a variety of other than mental illness or psychological stress and psychological barriers related to patient services and meet the needs of society. General hospitals need to actively build mental illness prevention system and research system, the whole emphasis in the treatment of mental illness in patients with early intervention, early identification and early treatment, and continuously improve the mental illness in general hospital capacity and level of integrated control.

Mainly for the masses of ordinary psychological clinic to provide outpatient counseling services. Currently there are a lot of general medical psychological and physical disease-related psychological disorder, general psychological clinic to talk to many patients suffering heart the opportunity to effectively help them solve their psychological problems, cure or mitigation of psychological barriers, to reduce inspection and non-blind patients reasonable medical treatment, reduces medical resource consumption, reduce the burden on the State and the family.

Tertiary medical conditions should be set up psychological ward. Treated for major mental disorders and more, and clinical subjects serious psychosomatic disorders, so these patients can be good in general hospital environment, be professional spirit - psychological professional medical services.

Strengthen liaison consultations, give full play to the spirit of a specialist role. In recent years, requests for general hospital psychiatric and psychological subjects the proportion of consultations increased year by year. Provided in general hospital psychiatric, psychological medicine consultation service that can enhance psychiatric, psychological subjects with other clinical collaboration between departments to promote the clinical psychological and spiritual knowledge, the patients meet the physical, psychological, social, integrated model of comprehensive medical services.

Increase in the incidence of divorce, depression

A large international study shows that marriage is conducive to mental health, divorce would increase the risk of depression and drug abuse.

The study is based on the past 10 years the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey carried out based on the 334 493 from 15 countries were studied. Study found breaking up, marriage, divorce or death caused by the end of the disease with a higher risk of mental health related to women are more likely to become drug addicts, men are more likely to fall into the quagmire of depression.

The study found that, both for men and women, marriage should be increased more than the single mental health, this finding consistent with previous research conducted. The study also found that men and women are more likely than first marriages in depression. Scott said this might be played by men in traditional family roles. According to the World Mental Health Survey results, the higher the educational level of women's lower likelihood of depression.

Another study found that gender differences, the marriage can reduce the likelihood of female drug abuse. Studies show that marriage for men and women in mental health access to many benefits, end of the marriage leading to pain and sorrow will make it easier for people suffering from mental illnesses.

Four triggers of postpartum depression

Postpartum depression, also known as postpartum depression, is a new mother while preparing for the birth of the baby may need to face a psychological barrier. About postpartum depression several incentives to help on that psychological barrier in the early to prevent, to protect the new mother's mental health.

First, the convergence of various psychological pressure

Postpartum women in a vulnerable stage of emotion, especially 1 week postpartum mood changes more evident in severe mental instability, due to the maternal role of the mother will not meet the commitment, psychological stress and anxiety depression.

And maternal anxiety and depression can lead to excessive number of physiological and pathological responses, such as the reduction of norepinephrine secretion and other endocrine changes, can lead to decreased uterine contraction, pain sensitivity, prolongation of bleeding increased, further increasing the anxiety of mothers , anxiety, become a trigger for postpartum depression.

Second, the impact of the environment

Maternal experience of negative life events, such as unemployment, marital separation, mourning their loved ones illness, family discord, etc., may trigger postpartum depression is an important incentive. Meanwhile, younger age, single parents, low social status, the mother of many children, their parents divorced early, low education, low income, new immigrants and other factors can increase the susceptibility to postpartum depression.

Third, dramatic changes in hormone levels

A lot of research data show that hormone levels decreased rapidly post-partum period and the onset of symptoms of depression. During pregnancy, maternal estrogen and progesterone levels gradually increased to a peak, an increase of 10 times. And 3-5 days after birth, the level will be gradually reduced to the basal level.

Studies have shown that the greater decrease in progesterone, the greater the likelihood of postpartum depression.

Fourth, other factors

According to incomplete statistics, postpartum depression with maternal age, nationality, occupation, quality of antenatal care, postpartum breastfeeding, maternal growth during the tragic events experienced by other factors. But in general with the randomness of these factors, the incidence of maternal or not depends on the individual qualities.

More than introduce you to some likely to cause postpartum depression common factors emerged. In addition to hormone secretion can not be self-control, psychological stress can have a good vent self-regulation, in addition to other factors by improving the environment to prevent postpartum depression induced by this is possible.

Friday, July 9, 2010

What drugs can induce depression

Depression is a common mental disorder, with persistent low state of mind characterized. Medicine survey found that some drugs cause depression is a major factor can not be ignored, and the drug-induced depression, called drug-induced depression. Multi-drug-induced depression in drug use within a few days to two years, occurred. Dosage, the more prone to depression; drug reduced, the condition can be alleviated though, but again drugs can induce depression. Particularly sensitive character within the patient and easier to disease. The model performance is restless and uneasy, irritability, lack of self-confidence, sleep disorders, severe or even suicidal.

Compound hypotensive tablet is a long-term can produce depression and other compound containing agents such as reserpine Andy blood plain film, the new fall films, blood pressure Tablets, pulse Shu Tablets, compound hypotensive tablet, will be induced by drug source depression. In the early 20th century, there's report of 50 reserpine can cause depression.

In addition to antihypertensive drugs, the drug trade also induced depression antiarrhythmics, antipsychotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, contraceptives, hormones, and, in particular the role of the central nervous system drugs. Of course, not all people taking these drugs will be induced depression, drug-induced depressive illness will occur, and the patient's individual qualities, with or without a family history of mental illness and the amount of dosage, the duration of medication and so on.

Therefore, during the depression medication, or to increase existing depressive symptoms, should first take into account the drug-induced depression. Drug-induced depression with some occult, patients with medication-related depressive symptoms if they occur, should be addressed. Once disease symptoms, the doctor should be promptly Nursing and withdrawal, and adjustment of drug varieties.

Depression, the prevention and treatment?

Depression is a brain disorder, has its own genesis and development of the law. Over the years of depression and antidepressant studies, modern psychiatry has always been an important area of research. Although the etiology of depression and the pathophysiology is not entirely clear, but does not prevent the effective treatment of this disease.

Treatment of depression are many, such as psychotherapy, sleep deprivation therapy, light therapy and ECT treatment, but drug treatment is still mainly contemporary, supplemented by psychological therapy. Be pointed out that depressed patients often have a negative pessimistic thoughts, severe cases, suicide world-weary, physicians should be on high alert and warned to guard against the family. Conditions allow the best hospital, ECT has an immediate, life-giving effect, should be used decisively in a timely manner.

In order to effectively prevent depression, hypertension is best combined treatment (such as diet), reduce dependence on drugs, thereby reducing the result of long-term dependence on medication. In addition, no matter what the body with disease, should be optimistic, positive attitude, be a predisposing factor to depression, the role to a minimum.

"Three days post-partum nausea" Why is there

Statistics show that depressed symptoms about 60% of all mothers. This should happen within 3 days after birth, the civil often say "three days after delivery stuffy." Most of this phenomenon until 5-10 days later, the symptoms will ease or disappear, so easily ignored by people.

It is noteworthy, because individual differences, environmental factors, "three days post-partum nausea" may induce more serious postpartum depression, the absence of the necessary mental health care, may sometimes lead to serious consequences.

In addition to possible self-mutilation, such as maternal suicide, sometimes cause harm to others. Once with the murder occurred in the United States: the murderer is a 30-year-old mother, as suffering from severe postpartum depression, even a wretched killed their four biological children, people are all shocked!

Prone to postpartum depression and the following several factors:

Hormonal factors: the puerperal women and estrogen and progesterone levels drop dramatically, and the activities and emotions are closely related to the reduction of catecholamine secretion, which is caused by an important cause of mental disorders.

Personality factors: the study found, with introverted, sentimental, loving people sulking than cheerful, lively and are more prone to postpartum depression.

Disease and other causes: postpartum prone to postpartum fever, urinary retention, weakness, lack of impact of breast milk and so on, such as the failure to timely treatment, persistent or worsening condition when all the factors that increase the depression. Family estrangement: normal-law, husband and wife are more emotional conflict, post-natal case of minor disputes or conflicts to occur, can cause symptoms of depression syndrome.

Although postpartum depression is mostly a transient, the symptoms will not be long, but still need to have timely maternal symptoms were patient and meticulous work to divert and persuade. This will help to eliminate anxiety and so on abnormal psychology.

One husband is a very important role, he should be more sympathetic to his wife in the early postpartum physical and psychological changes as arising from mood disorders, some little things to avoid quarreling with. While also more concerned about his wife's physical condition or illness, the infant feeding should also spend more on the heart. If it is found that the patients have more severe depressive symptoms, they should accompany it to the hospital for treatment as soon as possible. In short, to create a harmonious, warm family atmosphere, on the prevention of postpartum depression is important.